How Does Central Air Conditioning Work?

If you’re tired of getting sweaty and sticky during the summertime, but you don’t want to deal with installing window units, central air conditioning might be for you. This more advanced system keeps air flowing throughout the home, while drawing heat and moisture out of the house to increase comfort.

Why Central Air Conditioning?

A central air conditioner system helps you and your family keep cool during the warmer months of the year by circulating cold air and reducing the humidity inside your home. There are a few other reasons why this system can be a major improvement over window units:

  • Keeping the noise down: Because central AC units are located outside of your home, you don’t have to deal with the noisy droning of a window unit.
  • Circulating your air: In addition to cooling the air, central air equipment also keeps the airflow moving by pulling new air in from the outside. This helps to keep your air from getting too stagnant, ensuring your home gets fresh, clean air. These units also have filters that can remove pollutants from the air, which is great for people with allergies.
  • No more lugging window units: With central air conditioning, once the system is installed, there’s no need to add or remove any equipment each season. All it needs is routine maintenance to make sure that it’s operating at its most efficient.

How a Central Air Conditioner System Works

Your typical central AC system is made up of two parts: the outdoor compressor-bearing unit and the indoor evaporator coil. The air is usually transferred by a furnace or air handler. Your thermostat works in conjunction with the system, monitoring the indoor temperature and signaling when warm air needs to be removed and cool air needs to be circulated.

Remember three main points: temperature control, cooling and air circulation. These three parts make up the bulk of the work that your AC performs to keep your home comfortable. Essentially, the system takes the heat out of the home, transfers it to the coils and, by doing so, cools off the air. Here are the main steps in the process:

  1. The compressor pumps refrigerant through its system, moving heat and moisture out of the house.
  2. This heat transfers to the coils, cooling the air.
  3. When the heat is transferred to the coils, it’s pumped outside of the home, while the cooled air is pumped inside. This creates a cool, comfortable temperature in the home.
  4. The refrigerant is pumped back through the compressor, where the cycle begins again.

Caring For Your Central Air Conditioning

Some routine maintenance is required to keep your central AC operating at the highest level. Just like a car needs its oil changed, an air conditioner needs its filters changed. Add new filters at the beginning of the summer, and continue replacing them every three months at least. Otherwise, an accumulation of dust and grime could block airflow, forcing the units to use more energy in order to cool your home. Overexertion like this can lead to greater energy costs and eventually damage the unit.

It’s also a good idea to schedule an annual tune-up for your air conditioner system. A NATE-certified technician can check every part of your equipment to make sure that it’s working properly, and take care of any potential issues before they become problematic.

If you’re interested in central air conditioning installation, contact us today at 888-222-3720. Our dedicated team can install, repair and maintain your central AC to keep you and your family cool and comfortable all summer long.

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